In practice, two ways of growing violets from seeds are used: sowing seeds immediately from the open ground or pre-cultivation of germ. The latter method is considered more successful, since when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants in the present calendar year.
To acquire high quality planting material, sowing seedlings should be performed of the past decade of February or in March. To carry out such actions after mid-spring isn’t advisable, because the seeds are stored in the open area in the previous ten years of April or in early May.
All elements are obtained in equal proportions and mixed thoroughly.
When utilizing the conventional method of sowing, shallow furrows, about 3-5 millimeters, are created in the nutrient substrate with moyakovka.ru a pen, the distance between the rows is currently approximately 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are placed in the left holes every two centimeters and covered with soil. Now, it is necessary to water the plants with water and cover the container with translucent film.
The very first sprouts of pansies usually appear in 7-10 days in the time of sowing. A later sprouting of seeds comes in the cases of:
- The use of old planting material;
- in case of filling the seeds with a thick coating of dirt;
- when using a nutrient substrate of the incorrect composition, as an example, clay soil.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and maintenance, species and types
In the spring time, the direct rays of the sun pansies aren’t afraid, so containers with seedlings can be placed in the southern region of the apartment. After sprouting, the violet has fairly strong stalks, but this does not indicate that you need to instantly remove the film from the container.
Viola needs a fantastic watering, however moistening the soil should be carried out as the top coating dries. To carry out such steps, it’s well worth using rain or melt water. Regular tap water should preferably endure for 2-3 days. Plants are afraid of overwatering, since a high concentration of water from the soil can cause rotting of the flower roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants to new containers needs to be when the first two true leaves are shaped. Pansies are not terrified of transplanting, they take root at an fresh nutritious substrate despite minor damage to the immune system, which occasionally occurs when the plant is removed from the container. Such violets are a little slower in growth, however, the overall performance is not affected.
To get an excellent healthy blossom, such civilizations when picking at a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will give a chance to find extra roots on the underground portion of the stemcells. Pruning
Such an event as stem pruning lets you achieve a better tillering of this culture. Such steps are carried out after the appearance of 5-6 actual leaves.
Planting of backyard violets at a permanent location is dependent upon the climatic features of a specific region. Such actions should be performed with the start of stable warm weather in the last ten years of April or at the initial days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well sunlit location.
After digging the dirt for each planting hole, then add crushed charcoal of medium fraction of 200 grams and also the same amount of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils consisting of peat, humus and sod dirt in equal proportions with the addition of half of the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent location, ready seedlings are put on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk to the formerly dug holes and covered with dirt. Then compact the soil around the bushes and water the plants using warm water. When growing garden violets, it’s necessary to separate the bushes from the plantings every three years.
Not every gardener will want to manage the cultivation of pansies seedlings, as it is quite a troublesome job. Such operations must be carried out in late May or early June. In cases like this, the flowering of violets will start in late summer or in September. To acquire the flowering of this culture the next calendar year, in early spring, the seeds must be sown in August.